Russian Freemasonry 1790s—1822

Reading Time: 4 minutes From the Cross Keys Magazine No 205, December 2017 In 1796, on the death of Catherine, Paul freed all captive freemasons including Novikov. However, only a year later an edict had been set banning secret societies. Although the Craft wasn’t mentioned, Paul did get all masters to promise that ni lodges would be opened—so they … Read more