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Goose and Gridiron Ale House

Four lodges, which had been associated with re-building of St. Paul’s Cathedral, under the direction of Sir Christopher Wren met at the Goose and Gridiron Ale House, St Paul’s Churchyard, London in June 1717. They resolved to revive an Annual Festival to perform the ‘Antient Drama’ commemorating the slaying of Hiram Abif. This ‘Antient Drama’ was subsequently adapted to create the third degree. The Annual Festival evolved into a regulatory body, which met in Quarterly Communications and attracted lodges meeting outside London. The orginal four lodges were named for the place where they met:


  • Goose and Gridiron Ale-house in St. Paul’s Church-yard;
  • Crown Ale-house in Parker’s Lane near Drury’s Lane;
  • Apple Tree Tavern in Charles Street, Covent Garden;
  • Rummer and Grapes Tavern in Channel Row, Westminster.
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